41 Post(s)

What You Need To Know About Hepatitis E

 

What is Hepatitis E?

 

Hepatitis E is a liver disease caused by the Hepatitis E virus (HEV). Usually, it doesn’t lead to long-term illness or liver damage like other forms of hepatitis. Hepatitis E virus (HEV), like HAV, is mostly transmitted through consumption of contaminated water or food. It is commoner and associated with more epidemics than HAV. Hepatitis E can be dangerous for pregnant women, people who are ill, elderly or anyone with weak immune systems. The risk factors for hepatitis E are related to poor sanitation. HEV is a common cause of hepatitis outbreaks in developing parts of the world like Nigeria.

 

 

The disease is transmitted through:

 

  • Uncooked/undercooked pork or deer meat.
     
  • Raw shellfish that comes from tainted water
     
  • Vertical transmission from a pregnant woman to her fetus

 

What Symptoms Are Seen In Hepatitis E Infection?

 

The symptoms last from days to weeks and are similar to those of other types of acute viral hepatitis. They may include:

 

  • Jaundice.
     
  • Fatigue.
     
  • Nausea.
     
  • Mild fever.
     
  • Dark urine.
     
  • Pale stool.
     
  • Joint pain.


Pregnant women show more severe symptoms that may have unfavorable maternal and fetal outcomes. These may include:
 

  • Preterm delivery.
     
  • Abortion.
     
  • Stillbirth.
     
  • Intrauterine fetal death.
     
  • Neonatal death.
     

How Is Hepatitis E Diagnosed?

 

Hepatitis D is diagnosed after a proper consultation, examination and blood tests.

 

How Is Hepatitis E Treated?

 

In most cases, hepatitis E is self-limiting in about 4-6 weeks. However, it may be serious and possibly life threatening in some cases.  

 

How Is Hepatitis E Prevented?

 

Prevention is the most effective approach against hepatitis E. These include:

 

  • Maintaining quality standards for public water supplies.
     
  • Proper waste disposal (human faeces).
     
  • Maintain personal hygiene.
     
  • Vaccines are also available to prevent disease.
     
  • Avoid consumption of water of unknown source.
    ???????
  • Don’t eat undercooked pork, deer meat, or raw shellfish.

 

Article By: Dr Leke Odufuye

Comments