Vaccines are substances used as a means of preventing diseases by boosting the body?s natural immune response. They are preparations of killed, weakened ones or fully active microorganisms used to improve the body?s defence to the disease. Vaccination is the process of administering vaccines and is a simple, safe, and effective way of protecting people against harmful diseases before they come into contact with them.
When it comes to healthcare, the right information is very essential. There are widespread misconceptions and myths about vaccines in third world countries and across the globe. Many people are worried about the effects of vaccines and their potential side effects but the right information concerning vaccines does not reach these populations. This article would be debunking some of the commonest vaccination myths in our environment.
I do not need to vaccinate my child because I didn?t vaccinate the older ones and they are doing
Vaccines are made to prevent the commonest diseases around us. A healthy child is not completely out of the woods and it is necessary to vaccinate them before the onset of the disease. Then there?s also herd immunity- immunity seen in a large population due to previous immunization to prevent disease outbreak in a significant number of the individuals in the population. This may provide some level of immunity for infants, pregnant women and immunocompromised patients but it must not be relied on at the expense of vaccinations.
My child would get the disease from the vaccine.
This is an unlikely occurrence as these vaccines are manufactured and given in their inactivated forms or at doses that are not enough to cause disease. A few of these vaccines contain the live organism of course, but precautions have been taken to ensure that these live vaccines would not mutate to the real disease.
It is better to have the disease itself, that way I?m sure my baby won?t have it again.
It is not better to have a disease when it can easily be prevented. Vaccines stimulate the body to respond as though it?s the actual disease, thereby giving the necessary immunity while avoiding complications of an actual disease. Also, vaccines are less expensive compared to the economic and stress costs of treating an illness.
Vaccines can cause my child to be autistic.
This myth has been most common around the MMR vaccine but it is unfounded. There are no links between vaccines and autism spectrum disorders. Most vaccine reactions are usually temporary and minor, may include a slight fever or a rash or a sore arm. It is rare to experience serious health events post-vaccination and these events are always carefully monitored and investigated.
Article By: Dr Titilola Yakubu