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What You Need To Know About Gonorrhoea

Introduction

Gonorrhoea (also spelt gonorrhea) is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a bacterium. It tends to infect warm, moist areas of the body, including the: genitals, eyes, throat, and anus. Gonorrhoea can spread from mother to child during birth, via oral anal vaginal routes during unprotected sexual intercourse.

Causes and Risk Factors

Gonorrhoea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Previous infection does not confer immunity to an infected person. People with numerous sexual partners or those who do not use a condom are at greatest risk of infection. If untreated can lead to infertility in both men and women.

Symptoms

Symptoms usually develop within two days to two weeks after exposure. However, some people may never develop noticeable symptoms; these people are referred to as non-symptomatic carriers and they remain contagious, meaning they can still infect other people.

Men may not develop symptoms for several weeks.

Swelling or redness at the tip of the penis

Discharge from penis which may be whitish, yellowish or greenish

Increased frequency of urination

Persistent sore throat

Burning with urination

Symptoms in women tend to mimic those of other STIs making them difficult to identify.

Commonly symptoms in women include;

Vaginal discharge – which may be creamy, greenish

Pain or burning sensation while urinating

Increased frequency of urination

Heavier periods or spotting

Sore throat as seen in men

Pelvic pain which may be sharp and may also occur during intercourse

Diagnosis

Testing the urine and urethra in males and cervix in females.

Treatment

There are no home remedies for treatment of gonorrhea. Specific antibiotics are the standard of treatment and will be provided by a healthcare professional after necessary investigations are carried out and diagnosis is confirmed.

Prevention

The best way to prevent gonorrhea and other sexually transmitted Infections is through abstinence. Avoid having multiple partners and proper use of condom.

 

Article by Ajose-Adeogun Halimat

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